Chlorine and the environment an overview of the chlorine industry by Ruth Stringer

Cover of: Chlorine and the environment | Ruth Stringer

Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers in Dordrecht, Boston .

Written in English

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  • Chlorine compounds -- Environmental aspects,
  • Chlorine industry -- Environmental aspects

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

Statementby Ruth Stringer and Paul Johnston.
ContributionsJohnston, Paul.
LC ClassificationsTD196.C5 S75 2001
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 429 p. :
Number of Pages429
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21747367M
ISBN 100792367979
LC Control Number00067777

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This is the first book to examine comprehensively the chlorine industry and its effects on the environment. It covers not only the history of chlorine production, but also looks at its products, their effects on the global environment, and the international legislation Cited by: Chlorine and the environment by Ruth Stringer, Paul Johnston,Springer Netherlands, Stringer Ruth Johnston Paul edition, paperback.

This is the first book to examine comprehensively the chlorine industry and its effects on the environment. It covers not only the history of chlorine production, but also looks at its products, their effects on the global environment, and the international legislation.

Chlorine was first introduced as a large-scale drinking water disinfectant in Boston, USA, in Its use, initially in the form of sodium hypochlorite, brought dramatic reductions in the prevalence of water-borne diseases (Bullet al).

Elemental chlorine rapidly became the most widely used disinfectant. Book Chlorine and the environment book Published: March ; Chlorine and the environment: An overview of the chlorine industry. Ruth Stringer 1 & Paul Johnston 1 Cited by: and chlorine production, storage, repackaging, and user facilities are considered to be the only potential sources from which chlorine gas would enter the environment.

Chlorine is made through one of the most basic and simple of chemical processes. Electricity is used to break down salt water into chlorine,File Size: KB.

Put a lid on chlorine hazards with this program. Contain the risks of chlorine storage with this program on ton containers and put a lid on the attendant hazards.

The training focuses on:Leaks in valve, plug or wallIf unable to repairAfter repairs are features and benefits of DVD training:English, Spanish and Portuguese versionsA.

Get this from a library. Chlorine and the environment: an overview of the chlorine industry. [Ruth Stringer; Paul Johnston] -- "This is the first book to examine comprehensively the chlorine industry and its effects on the environment.

It covers not only the history of chlorine. Chlorinated discharges into coastal waters are of great environmental concern because of the large amount of chlorine and the diversity of the compounds involved.

Seawater chlorination for cooling systems and disinfection of urban wastewaters are the major sources of these hazardous compounds reaching the marine by: Every single thing and person consists of elements, and this informative series will help young readers understand just how important the elements are and what role they play in the science of chemistry.

Enhanced by easy-to-follow diagrams and full-color illustrations, the text explains how elements behave, their individual characteristics and their importance in everyday s: 1. Everything you need to know about chlorine is described in this book.

It provides a practical and up-to-date account of the scientific and technological basics for the production of chlorine and describes various applications and prospects for future developments. Current issues, such as environmental protection, occupational health and. Airborne chlorine bleach by-products eventually reach Earth's atmosphere and the ozone layer.

According to Audubon Magazine, chlorine bleach is linked to ozone depletion, which has far-reaching environmental effects in terms of global warming. According to the U.S. Council Of Environmental Quality, “Cancer risk among people drinking chlorinated water is 93% higher than among those whose water does not contain chlorine.” Dr.

Joseph Price wrote a highly controversial book in the late sixties titled Coronaries/Cholesterol/Chlorine andFile Size: KB. The chlorine used in the making of paper does not end up in the final product, but rather in the wastes generated by the mills.

Some of the chlorine can be reclaimed and reprocessed, but some cannot, and the disposal of pulp mill waste is a major source of excess chlorine in the environment. This chapter contains two main sections-the first section describes the chemistry and reactions of chlorine dioxide, and the second describes the disinfection by-products (DBPs) of chlorine dioxide and their control.

A short section on Research Needs completes this chapter. The section on chemistry and reactions is presented first because it lays the foundation for the reactions that are.

As for industrial exposures, there have been several instances of train accidents carrying liquid chlorine that caused the release of chlorine gas to the surrounding environment.

At home, a mixture of chlorine bleach with other household products that contain acid or ammonia is Author: Ashkan Morim, Gregory T. Guldner.

Uses & Benefits. Chlorine chemistry helps keep families healthy and improves our environment. Water. Chlorine chemistry helps keep drinking water and swimming pools safe. Before cities began routinely treating drinking water with chlorine-based disinfectants, thousands died every year from waterborne diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, dysentery and hepatitis A.

Chlorine-based pool and. The Environmental Protection Agency was established in to licence, regulate and control activities for the purposes of environmental protection. In the Environmental Protection Agency Act, (Section 60), it is stated that “the Agency may, and shall if File Size: 2MB.

tific journal Nature has called “a landmark book which should be read by anyone wanting to understand the environmental and health dangers of chlorine chemistry.” From the late s to the mids, Thornton x Environmental Impacts of Polyvinyl Chloride Building Materialsx.

Chlorine in the environment. In nature it is only found combined with other elements chiefly sodium in the form of common salt (NaCl), but also in carnallite, and sylvite. Chlorides make up much of the salt dissolved in the earth's oceans: about % of the mass of seawater is chloride ions.

An organochloride, organochlorine compound, chlorocarbon, or chlorinated hydrocarbon is an organic compound containing at least one covalently bonded atom of chlorine that has an effect on the chemical behavior of the chloroalkane class (alkanes with one or more hydrogens substituted by chlorine) provides common examples.

The wide structural variety and divergent chemical. Find chlorine disinfection books and publications, the world’s largest environmental industry marketplace and information resource. This all-inclusive book of chlorine-based chemicals is designed to help the wastewater professional apply the science of disinfection using the most up-to-date practices to ensure safety and control odors.

Chlorine and the Environment Chlorine and the Environment Hamilton, Eric I This volume presents a very comprehensive evaluation of the presence of chlorine in the environment from production, distribution and economics for an element, in some forms, which are essential for many forms of life. While chlorine is a valuable disinfectant for water supplies many if its.

Explore waterborne disease germs at the Water Germs Busted by Chlorine and the Swimming Pool Germs Busted by Chlorine coloring and activity books.

*John Snow, Photograph, Wellcome Historical Medical Museum and Library, London in Gordis. A primary motivation for a broader, more open discussion of chlorine and other eawironmental issues was a regulatoryprocess called the ‘‘cluster financial rule.”the EPA had proposed to structure regulations on an industry basis, rather than the ECF traditional single-media approach of regulating water, 90 air and solid waste issues Size: 1MB.

The Chlorine Science Center—Chlorine means more than clean swimming pool water and the proof is on this website. The Chlorine Science Center provides science activities for a wide range of ages, including monthly chemistry articles and downloadable coloring and activity books.

Chlorine -“A Crippler and Killer” Charlie Skeen, C.N.C. Throughout the United States and Canada and other countries, chlorine is commonly used to kill disease-causing organisms in the water that come from rivers, lakes, and reservoirs which are used by millions of people everyday for drinking, bathing, showering and swimming.

DESCRIPTION: Chlorine is a toxic gas with corrosive properties. It is widely used as bleach in the manufacture of paper and cloth and in manufacturing solvents, pesticides, synthetic rubber, and refrigerants.

Chlorine has also been used as a chemical warfare choking agent. The lowest level at which humans can smell chlorine and notice its. New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, and alternative disinfectants Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of Whites Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants more than ten years ago, the water industry has made substantial advances in their understanding and application of chlorine, hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water and wastewater : Black & Veatch Corporation.

Pandora's Poison: Chlorine, Health and a New Environmental Strategy by Joe Thornton. MIT Press, £, pp ISBN 0 0. Rating: ★★★Cited by: Chlorination is a common process used to disinfect drinking water and as such its effect of cyanotoxins has been greatly investigated [94–96].Initial work by Senogles et al.

showed that the addition of free chlorine in the form of sodium hypochlorite was successful in removing pure cylindrospermopsin (1) at concentrations of up to μg L −1. Chlorine is very unstable in the environment: Chlorine is very unstable, and reacts with a variety of chemicals and water when it is released into the environment.

Rapidly broken down: Air: Chlorine is broken down by sunlight within minutes. The effect of chlorine gas on the moist indicator paper shows that it dissolves to some extent in water and reacts to produce an acidic and strongly bleaching solution.

The reaction is the reverse of the reaction used to generate the gas from bleach. The culprit is the bleaching process. There are 3 basic types: chlorine gas, chlorine derivatives (e.g.

chlorine dioxide or sodium hypochlorite), and hydrogen peroxide or oxygen. Bleaching paper with chlorine is harmful to our environment. Period.

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